The popularity of begonias has soared due to their stunning foliage and equally impressive flowers, with approximately 1000 species available in a vast array of colors, sizes, and shapes! These magnificent specimens can be used to enhance the beauty of your gardens, or you can place them indoors near a brightly lit area and watch them flourish. Below are some of the finest types of begonias that you can cultivate!
1. Begonia Boliviensis
Begonia boliviensis is a beautiful plant that is native to Bolivia and produces stunning bright orange-red flowers that bloom in the summer and fall. The plant’s foliage is green with pink margins, which adds an additional level of interest to the plant. It is a trailing plant and is perfect for hanging baskets, window boxes, or as a ground cover.
2. Reiger Begonia
Reiger Begonia (Begonia x hiemalis) is a popular hybrid between wax and tuberous begonia. It is known for its beautiful waxy foliage and brightly colored flowers that bloom abundantly from spring to fall. The flowers come in shades of yellow, orange, pink, red, and white, and are often double or semi-double, adding an extra level of interest to the plant.
3. Begonia Big Red Bronze Leaf
Begonia ‘Big Red Bronze Leaf’ is a stunning hybrid variety that is highly sought after for its vibrant red flowers and attractive bronze-tinted foliage. This plant can grow well in both bright sun and partial shade, making it a versatile addition to any garden or indoor space. The flowers of this plant are typically bright red and bloom in clusters throughout the summer and fall, providing a bold splash of color. The leaves are dark green with a bronze tint, which adds an interesting contrast to the bright red flowers.
4. Begonia ‘Solenia Dusty Rose’
Begonia ‘Solenia Dusty Rose’ is a beautiful trademarked variety of tuberous begonia hybrid. It is known for its frilly rose-hued blooms that appear from mid-spring to mid-fall, creating a beautiful display of color that is sure to impress. The blooms pair charmingly with the plant’s heart-shaped, succulent leaves, which add an extra level of interest.
5. Begonia ‘Ambassador White’
Begonia ‘Ambassador White’ is a beautiful variety of begonia that is known for its profuse white flowers. This plant is sure to win over anyone who loves white flowers and is looking to add a touch of elegance to their garden or indoor space.
6. Begonia ‘Ambassador Rose’
Begonia ‘Ambassador Rose’ is a beautiful and hardy variety of wax begonia that is perfect for novice gardeners. This plant is drought and pest resistant, making it a low-maintenance option for those who are just starting out with gardening. The thick, fleshy green leaves of this plant create an amazing contrast with its large, rose-colored flowers. The flowers bloom profusely throughout the summer and fall, providing a beautiful display of color that is sure to impress.
7. Begonia boliviensis ‘Million Kisses Elegance’
Begonia boliviensis ‘Million Kisses Elegance’ is a beautiful variety of Begonia that features delicate pink flowers that are complemented by its green leaves. This plant is a trailing or cascading species that is perfect for hanging baskets or containers. The flowers of this plant are small, bell-shaped, and bloom in abundance on arching stems. They have a subtle pink color that adds a touch of elegance and charm to any garden or indoor space. The green leaves of this plant are also quite attractive, making it a great choice for those who are looking for a plant with both beautiful flowers and foliage.
8. Begonia ‘Glowing Embers’
Begonia ‘Glowing Embers’ is a stunning variety of Begonia that produces bright, glowing orange flowers that are sure to catch the eye. This plant is a compact variety with bronze-purple foliage, making it a great choice for adding a touch of color and beauty to any indoor or outdoor space. The flowers of this plant are quite unique, with their bright orange color almost giving the impression that they are glowing. They bloom profusely from spring to fall, providing a long-lasting display of color and beauty. The bronze-purple foliage of this plant is also quite attractive, adding to its overall appeal.
9. Begonia ‘Illumination Scarlet’
Begonia ‘Illumination Scarlet’ is a beautiful variety of Begonia that features large, pendent-shaped flowers in a rich shade of red. This plant looks stunning when paired with its cascading, deep green foliage, making it a great choice for hanging baskets or containers. The flowers of this plant are quite showy, with their large size and vibrant red color. They bloom profusely from spring to fall, providing a long-lasting display of color and beauty. The deep green foliage of this plant is also quite attractive, adding to its overall appeal.
10. Begonia ‘Apricot Shades’
Begonia ‘Apricot Shades’ is a beautiful variety of Begonia that features exotic, double flowers in a range of shades of apricot, white, orange, and yellow. This plant has one of the largest flowers on the list of Begonia varieties, and it blooms all summer long, providing a stunning display of color and beauty. The flowers of this plant are quite unique, with their double blooms and range of colors. They carry a subtle hue of apricot, white, orange, and yellow, which blend together to create a beautiful effect. They bloom profusely throughout the summer, adding a burst of color to any garden or landscape.
11. Begonia ‘Waterfall’
Begonia ‘Waterfall’ is a beautiful trailing variety of Begonia that is perfect for hanging baskets. This plant features large, double blooms that resemble roses, and it blooms continuously throughout the growing season, providing a stunning display of color and beauty. The flowers of this plant are quite unique, with their double blooms and range of colors. They come in shades of pink, red, and white, and they resemble miniature roses. They bloom profusely throughout the summer, adding a burst of color to any garden or landscape.
12. Begonia ‘Super Cascade’
Begonia ‘Super Cascade’ is a popular variety of Begonia that is well-suited for a range of growing conditions. This plant features trailing stems that can reach up to 2 feet in length, making it a great choice for hanging baskets, window boxes, and containers. The flowers of Begonia ‘Super Cascade’ are typically shades of pink, red, and white, and they bloom profusely throughout the growing season. This plant is known for its ability to perform well in both sun and shade, making it a versatile choice for a range of planting locations.
13. Begonia ‘Solenia Salmon Coral’
Begonia ‘Solenia Salmon Coral’ is a hybrid begonia that produces beautiful, coral-colored blooms with shades of red and orange. It is a compact variety, with a height of only 8-10 inches and a spread of 10-12 inches. The leaves are glossy and green, and they provide a beautiful backdrop for the vibrant blooms.
14. Begonia ‘Solenia Light Pink’
Begonia ‘Solenia Light Pink’ is a beautiful hybrid begonia variety that produces lovely, delicate pink flowers that resemble roses. It is a popular choice for window boxes, as it stays compact and produces a profusion of blooms throughout the growing season. The foliage of Begonia ‘Solenia Light Pink’ is a glossy green, and the leaves provide a beautiful backdrop for the delicate pink flowers. It is a low-maintenance plant that is easy to care for, making it an excellent choice for novice gardeners.
15. Begonia ‘Nonstop Deep Rose’
Tuberous begonias are known for their showy blooms and the ‘Nonstop Rose’ variety sounds particularly stunning with its mix of red, pink, and other hues. The ‘Nonstop’ series is known for its compact, bushy growth habit and prolific flowering, making it a popular choice among gardeners and landscapers. Tuberous begonias generally prefer cool temperatures and filtered sunlight, and they can be grown in containers or in the ground. Proper care, including regular watering and fertilizing, can help ensure healthy growth and abundant blooms
16. Begonia Big Rose Green Leaf
The Begonia Big ‘Rose Green Leaf’ sounds like a beautiful and easy-to-care-for plant. Its large pink flowers and bright green leaves create a striking contrast that is sure to catch the eye. As you mentioned, it is well-suited for container gardening, making it a great choice for those with limited space or for adding a pop of color to a patio or balcony.
17. Begonia semperflorens-cultorum ‘Cocktail Mix’
The Begonia semperflorens-cultorum ‘Cocktail Mix’ sounds like a lovely variety with its mix of light pink, white, and red flowers with yellow centers.
18. Begonia rex ‘Tornado’
The Begonia rex ‘Tornado’ is indeed an exotic and striking variety with its dark green leaves that are patterned with silver, bronze, and deep rich purple splotches
19. Begonia rex ‘Ballet’
The Begonia rex ‘Ballet’ sounds like a stunning variety with its silver-green leaves that have mid-green margins and red stems. The touch of red accent adds another layer of visual interest to this beautiful plant.
20. Begonia rex ‘Fairy’
The Begonia rex ‘Fairy’ is a beautiful foliage plant with silver leaves that are textured with shades of pink and cream, and dark green veins. Its unique leaf pattern and colors make it a highly desirable plant for collectors and indoor plant enthusiasts.
21. Begonia rex ‘Pink Charming’
The Begonia rex ‘Pink Charming’ is a stunning variety that lives up to its name with its beautiful light pink foliage patterned with green hues and hints of silver. This begonia is primarily grown for its foliage rather than its flowers, making it a great choice for adding color and interest to indoor spaces such as living rooms, offices, or conservatories.
22. Begonia rex ‘Duarten’
The Begonia rex ‘Duarten’ is a unique and eye-catching variety with pointed foliage that is splashed with shades of bronze and silver. The leaves are also veined and stippled, which adds to the overall visual interest of the plant.
23. Begonia rex ‘Red Kiss’
The Begonia rex ‘Red Kiss’ is a stunning variety with purple-black foliage that is adorned with a broad metallic red ring.
24. Begonia rex ‘Salsa’
The Begonia rex ‘Salsa’ is a beautiful variety with dark-green foliage that is splashed with pink color and accented with touches of silver. The leaves are also variegated with burgundy-red hues, which adds depth and interest to the overall look of the plant.
25. Begonia rex ‘Spitfire’
The Begonia rex ‘Spitfire’ is a stunning variety that features striking red-pink foliage edged in silver and accented with a border of green hues. This begonia is highly sought after for its bold and vibrant foliage, which can add a pop of color and interest to any indoor space.
26. Begonia rex ‘Escargot’
Begonia rex ‘Escargot’ is a popular cultivar of the Begonia rex plant, known for its striking leaves with spiral silver markings that resemble the shell of a snail or escargot. The leaves of Begonia rex ‘Escargot’ are large, glossy, and asymmetrical, with a green base color and a silver-grey metallic swirl pattern. The plant has an upright growth habit, with stems that can reach up to 30cm (12 inches) in height. It produces small pink or white flowers in the summer, but it is mainly grown for its decorative foliage.
27. Begonia maculata
Begonia maculata, also known as the Polka Dot Begonia or Trout Begonia, is a popular species of Begonia plant. It is native to Brazil and is known for its striking foliage, which is green with silver spots. The leaves are asymmetrical, shaped like wings, and have a slightly rough texture. The undersides of the leaves are often red or pink in color. Begonia maculata also produces clusters of small, delicate white flowers on long, thin stems. The flowers are typically produced in the summer and fall, and can add a lovely touch to any indoor or outdoor garden.
28. Begonia Aconitifolia
I initially mistook this Begonia for Begonia Sophie Cecile, which has larger and wider leaves with more burgundy coloring. However, this Begonia has a miniature size and light pink spots on its foliage. The leaves have a unique pattern resembling that of a maple leaf, which distinguishes it from other Begonia species that typically have oval or ear-shaped leaves. This Begonia is known as Begonia aconitifolia, also referred to as the Metallica Begonia, and it belongs to the Cane Begonia category. It is native to Brazil, but there is limited information or research available on this particular plant, which is primarily grown for ornamental purposes.
29. Begonia moyesii
Begonia moyesii, also known as the Crinkle-Leaf Begonia, is a species of Begonia plant that is native to China. This plant is prized for its striking foliage, which features deeply-veined, lily-pad like leaves with glossy green tops and dark-maroon undersides. The leaves have a distinctive crinkled or puckered appearance, which gives the plant its common name. In addition to its attractive foliage, Begonia moyesii produces clusters of small, delicate pink or white flowers in the spring and summer. These flowers are typically held above the foliage on long, thin stems.
30. Begonia brevirimosa ssp. exotica
This brevirimosa ssp. exotica variety features large metallic leaves with bright pink variegation on the bronze-green background.
31. Begonia beleaf inca flame
Begonia beleaf Inca Flame is a cultivar of the Begonia rex plant, which is known for its striking foliage. The Inca Flame variety is prized for its large, heart-shaped leaves, which have a vibrant coloration that ranges from deep burgundy to fiery orange-red. The leaves are heavily textured and have a slightly velvety feel, adding to their visual appeal. One of the unique features of Begonia beleaf Inca Flame is that the coloration of its leaves can change depending on the light it receives. When grown in bright, indirect light, the leaves tend to be more vibrant and have a stronger red hue. In lower light conditions, the leaves may appear darker and more burgundy in color.
32. Begonia ‘Ambassador Scarlet’
Begonia ‘Ambassador Scarlet’ is a cultivar of the Begonia semperflorens plant, which is commonly grown as a bedding plant or container plant. It is part of the Ambassador series of Begonias, which are known for their compact growth habit and colorful flowers. The plant offers glossy, round leaves that are green with red edges, adding to its visual appeal. It produces single red blooms with yellow stamens throughout the summer, adding a burst of color to the garden or container.
33. Begonia coccinea
Begonia coccinea, also known as the Scarlet Begonia or Wax Begonia, is a species of flowering plant in the family Begoniaceae. It is native to South America and is a popular garden plant due to its colorful flowers and attractive foliage. The plant features glossy, dark green leaves that are often tinged with red or bronze. The flowers are scarlet red, pink, or white and are produced in clusters above the foliage. The blooms are quite showy and can last for several weeks.
34. Begonia Semperflorens ‘Senator White’
Begonia Semperflorens ‘Senator White’ is a cultivar of the Begonia Semperflorens plant. It is a bedding plant that is typically grown as an annual in summer gardens, though it can be grown indoors year-round in colder climates. The plant has dark bronze foliage, which provides a beautiful contrast to the pure white flowers that bloom above the foliage. The flowers are small, single, and produced in clusters, adding to the plant’s overall visual appeal.
35. Begonia rex-cultorum ‘Zurich’
Begonia rex-cultorum ‘Zurich’ is a stunning cultivar of the Begonia rex plant. The plant features heart-shaped leaves with a range of colors including deep burgundy, green, pink, and silver, with green edges, pink and silver patterns, and dark veins in the middle.
36. Begonia rex-cultorum ‘Painted leaf’
Begonia rex-cultorum ‘Painted Leaf’, also known as the King Begonia, is a striking cultivar of the Begonia rex plant. It is known for its oval-shaped leaves that grow in a spiral pattern and feature unique and intricate patterns. The foliage is predominantly silver-gray and is accented by pink margins, adding to the overall beauty of the plant. The leaves of ‘Painted Leaf’ have a fuzzy texture and are velvety to the touch. They are relatively large compared to other Begonia varieties and can reach up to 6 inches in length. The plant is a slow grower and typically grows to a height of 12 inches.
37. Rex Begonia Hybrid ‘Merry Christmas’
Rex Begonia Hybrid ‘Merry Christmas’ is a beautiful and unique cultivar of the Begonia rex plant. This hybrid plant features lime-green foliage that is accentuated by prominent red-maroon veins. The leaf surface is also characterized by a fuzzy texture, adding to the overall visual appeal of the plant. The leaves of ‘Merry Christmas’ are relatively large compared to other Begonia varieties and can reach up to 6 inches in length. They are also oval-shaped and have a slightly wavy edge. The plant is a slow grower and typically grows to a height of 12 inches.
38. Begonia × hiemalis
Begonia x hiemalis, also known as Elatior Begonia, is a hybrid between Begonia socotrana and Begonia veitchii. This plant is known for its dark green foliage, which has serrated margins and a glossy texture. It produces clusters of dainty, single or double-petaled blooms in shades of red, pink, orange, or yellow, making it a popular choice among gardeners and indoor plant enthusiasts. Begonia x hiemalis has a compact growth habit, making it an ideal plant for growing indoors or in small gardens. It typically grows up to 12 inches in height and width and prefers bright, indirect light.
39. Wax Begonia ‘Doublet Red’
Wax Begonia ‘Doublet Red’ is a popular cultivar of Begonia semperflorens, known for its small, frilled-red, rose-like blooms and attractive bronze-green shiny leaves. This plant typically grows up to 12 inches in height and width. The double-petaled flowers of ‘Doublet Red’ are a vibrant shade of red and bloom continuously throughout the summer months. The bronze-green foliage provides a lovely contrast to the bright flowers, making this plant an eye-catching addition to any garden.
40. Begonia x hybrida ‘Dragon Wings’
Begonia x hybrida ‘Dragon Wings’ is a popular hybrid cultivar that features glossy, dark green leaves and clusters of bright red or pink blooms. The leaves of this plant are similar in shape to those of Angel Wing Begonias, with a deeply lobed, asymmetrical form. One of the unique features of ‘Dragon Wings’ begonias is their size. They grow quite large, typically reaching heights of up to 2 feet and widths of up to 3 feet, making them ideal for filling in large garden beds or as a statement plant in a container garden. They also bloom profusely throughout the growing season, with clusters of bright red or pink flowers that attract pollinators like bees and butterflies.
41. Begonia Bethlehem Star
The Begonia called “Bethlehem Star” is characterized by its pointed leaf formation, with the 3rd point appearing longer than the rest, giving it a unique asymmetrical appearance. This plant has a total of 5 pointed stars and its foliage size is consistently small. Additionally, Bethlehem Star has a reddish-burgundy furry leaf stem with a yellow dot on the leaf surface, which distinguishes it from other types of Begonias whose leaf stems are typically green-cream in color.
42. Begonia Masoniana
Begonia masoniana, also known as Iron Cross Begonia, is a species of flowering plant in the family Begoniaceae. It is native to China and is a popular houseplant due to its striking foliage. The leaves of Begonia masoniana are large and asymmetrical, with a dark green color and reddish-brown markings that form a distinctive cross shape. The underside of the leaves is a deep red color, adding to its unique appearance.
43. Begonia Bipinnatifida
Begonia Bipinnitifida, also known as Fern Leaf Begonia, is a native species of Begonia found in New Guinea. Its first discovery was in the high, rocky environment of Mount Horne. This species is unique due to its fern-like appearance, which can sometimes lead to confusion with other plants, but its flowers are a tell-tale sign that it is indeed a Begonia. Unlike common Begonias, which have singular leaf formations, Begonia Bipinnitifida has a fern-like appearance and behaves more like a shrub. Its red stem and dwarf size give it the appearance of a Cane Begonia.
44. Begonia Cleopatrae
Begonia Cleopatrae, also known as Begonia Cleopatra, is a species of Begonia considered native to the Philippines, specifically Palawan Island. However, there is limited information available on this particular species, which is often misidentified as the Maple Leaf Begonia due to its dense, miniature foliage growth pattern.
45. Begonia Listada
Begonia Listada, commonly known as the Striped Begonia, is a species of Begonia that is native to Brazil. It is a small, slow-growing, and compact type of Begonia with dark green foliage that has a furry texture and a bright light green rib in the center. The back of the leaf also has a burgundy undertone. Although its primary attraction is its foliage, Begonia Listada does produce tiny pink inflorescences that appear in between the foliage.
46. Begonia Soli-mutata
Begonia Soli-mutata, also known as Sun Changing Begonia, is a rhizome Begonia that originates from Brazil. The name is derived from its ability to change color when exposed to sunlight. This particular Begonia has furry foliage that is similar to Acetosa and Manaus. One of its standout features is its multicolored coated foliage, which has a satin-like surface. The colors are primarily in shades of green, while the fine hairy filaments are in red, giving it a red satin fold appearance. The back of the leaf is also covered in this red fur. Begonia Soli-mutata is also similar in appearance to Begonia Art Hodes, but with more toned-down colors and without the red furry notes.
47. Begonia Chloroneura
Begonia Chloroneura is a species of Begonia that is native to the Philippines, specifically found in the Isabela Province on the island of Luzon. It is a creeping rhizome Begonia that grows on slopes and hills of limestone in the rainforest. One of the distinctive features of Begonia Chloroneura is its lime-colored light green veins on a dark burgundy background leaf surface. The leaf surface also has tiny red-colored fur, resembling hooks.
48. Begonia heracleifolia
Begonia heracleifolia, also known as the Star Begonia, Gryphon Begonia, or Pegasus Begonia, is a type of Begonia with large, star-shaped foliage that gives it a majestic appearance. It is often identified as a rhizome Begonia, which is known for its hardiness and ability to establish itself well.
49. Begonia Looking Glass
Begonia Looking Glass is a type of Begonia with a unique appearance that combines different features from other Begonia varieties. It has characteristics similar to Cane Begonias, such as a slightly pink family mix, and a blend of Galaxy, Aya, and Maurice Amey. Additionally, it features a mix of silvery, leathery pink notes, corrugated indentations between the leaf veins, and a backside that flushes with burgundy coloration, similar to a Rex Begonia hybrid.
50. Begonia ‘Corallina de Lucerna’
Begonia ‘Corallina de Lucerna’ is a popular Cane Begonia with distinctive wing-like leaves, often referred to as an Angel Wing Begonia. The leaves have a light green background with uniform tiny silver dots that do not increase in size. The foliage of this plant can change color depending on the amount of direct sunlight it receives, turning a darker burgundy color. However, like most begonias, the edges of the leaves can become burnt and the foliage may look spent or burned. A positive aspect of this plant is that it can bloom with tiny red flowers formed by the stem branches. If given support with a stake, the plant can grow tall and well-balanced, but if left without support, it may fall and break due to its own weight.
51. Begonia Ginny Galaxy
Begonia Ginny Galaxy is a cultivar of Begonia, a genus of perennial flowering plants in the family Begoniaceae. This cultivar is known for its distinctive and colorful leaves, which are a mix of green, silver, and pink. The leaves also have small white spots, giving them a galaxy-like appearance, hence the name “Ginny Galaxy.”
52. Begonia ‘White Ice’
Cane Begonia ‘White Ice’ is known for its distinctive spots, which are evenly and uniformly distributed on the foliage. These spots bear some resemblance to other hybrid varieties, such as “Mrs Hashimoto.” One of the notable features of the plant is the unique shape of its foliage, with a “horned” top and a “tail” at the bottom that gives it a kite-like appearance. When placed side by side, two plants can resemble a beautiful pair of wings. The appearance of the spots on the leaves can vary depending on the amount of light the plant receives. In lower light conditions, the spots may be less prominent and may appear to have more green space between them. On the other hand, if the plant is exposed to too much direct sunlight, the leaves can become burned and damaged. Unlike Maculata species, the back of the leaves of Cane Begonia ‘White Ice’ do not have a burgundy coloration. Instead, they feature a slight red veining, which is similar to that of “Mrs Hashimoto” hybrids.
53. Begonia ‘Snow Capped’
The Begonia Snow Capped is named for its unique visual display of white coloration and strong notes at the “tail,” which are similar to those of the Cane Begonia ‘White Ice.’ Both plants share uniform and well-sprayed spots on their foliage. The Begonia Snow Capped also features broader leaves with a white perimeter lining around the foliage, which are similar to those of a Lucerna. The plant’s unique features are so interrelated and common that they create a visually stunning display. The appearance of the spots on the leaves can change depending on the amount of light the plant receives. If the plant is in low light conditions, the spots may be less prominent, and there may be a larger green space between them. Conversely, if the plant is exposed to too much direct sunlight, the leaves can become burned and damaged. Unlike Maculata species, the back of the Begonia Snow Capped’s leaves do not have burgundy coloration. Instead, they feature slight red veining, similar to “Mrs Hashimoto” hybrids. Sensitive to environmental changes, the “White Ice” collection requires careful attention and care to maintain its beauty.
54. Begonia Burning Bush
The “Begonia Burning Bush” is a begonia variety with no green leaves. When grown in bright shade, its dark bronze foliage glistens beautifully, and it generously produces small, pendant-like pink flowers amongst its branches.
55. Begonia ‘Arabian Sunset’
There seems to be some confusion regarding the identification of Begonia ‘Arabian Sunset’ as there are two distinct types that are often mistaken for each other. Despite their striking resemblance, there are a few key differences between them. One of these types is the Begonia Burning Bush, which has the same coloration and plant structure as Begonia ‘Arabian Sunset’. The main difference between the two is that Begonia Burning Bush is a Cane Begonia with a larger plant structure and a greater leaf ‘wingspan’ compared to Arabian Sunset. Meanwhile, Begonia ‘Arabian Sunset’ is more like a miniature version of Begonia Burning Bush, and has many similarities with Begonia Serratipetala. Begonia ‘Arabian Sunset’ behaves like a shrub-type begonia with dark, bronze-colored leaves and a bushy growth habit. The flowers are bright pink and hang in small clusters, much like those of Serratipetala and Burning Bush Begonia. This particular begonia also shares several features with a few other begonias, such as B. Serratipetala and Begonia Borneensis, particularly in terms of its fine and fragile stem structure, which requires careful handling due to its sensitivity.
56. Begonia Serratipetala
Begonia serratipetala is a begonia species native to Papua New Guinea. It has a miniature shrub-like structure with dark bronze foliage that is spotted with pink. The edges of its leaves have fancy crests and folds, which appear serrated. Mark Tebbitt’s book on begonias describes Begonia serratipetala as having wine-red stems and leaves with crinkled surfaces that are glossy green above, with small, raised, pink dots and bronze-green to wine-red beneath. Its leaves also have pinnately lobed, double-toothed margins, making it easy to identify. This begonia shares many features with other begonias, such as Begonia Arabian Sunset and Begonia Borneensis, especially in terms of its fine and fragile stem structure, which requires careful handling to prevent breakage.
57. Begonia U402
Begonia U402 is a begonia species with an unknown origin, but it is suspected to be from Venezuela based on information provided by a Japanese visitor to a US botanist. The trail of its origin history is vague, and it is possible that it spread among collectors in the South Asia region without much of its identity being categorized. The plant has a Burgundy-like coloration that appears more vividly when exposed to bright light. When grown in shade, the leaves appear more shrub-like and have nice green tones. The plant structure is fine and furry, and the leaves appear very fragile. In the opinion of some, Begonia u402 resembles the Burning Bush Begonia, particularly in terms of foliage coloration and structure. However, as with many begonia species, determining their point of origin can be challenging and requires further research and study.
58. Begonia Borneensis
Begonia Borneensis is a begonia species native to Labuan, Malaysia. It has a bushy formation and glamorous bright green foliage with fancy frills. The plant produces tiny inflorescences of pale white flowers that are not very showy but are abundant, with yellow stamens visible at the flower edge, giving a nice pendant-like feature. There is another variety of Begonia Borneensis with white flowers, which is very similar to the pink-flowered variety. The only difference is that the pink variety has more rosy tones on the foliage, whereas the white flower variety has more flushed green glossy tones on the foliage. Overall, Begonia Borneensis is a unique and attractive species with delicate foliage and subtle, yet charming flowers. Its endemic nature adds to its special appeal and makes it an interesting addition to any collection.
59. Begonia Malachosticta
The Begonia malachosticta is characterized by its unique foliage, which displays corrugated features and bold pink bumps that resemble those of the Begonia maculata species. However, the Begonia malachosticta stands out for its bolder and more prominent display of these features. Additionally, this plant has a striking red central dot that appears at the petiole attachment, adding to its brilliant color features.
60. Begonia Maurice Amey
Identifying Begonia Maurice and its variants, such as Begonia Maurice Amey, can be difficult due to the strong similarities with other species, such as Begonia Sinbad and Begonia Aya. Nevertheless, there are unique characteristics that distinguish this species. For instance, the leaves do not grow very large, and they have metallic pink tones with white spots, accompanied by small, delicate flowers hanging in small clusters at the edges of the branches. It’s worth noting that this species is delicate, and may require a stake for support to prevent it from falling under its own weight. Additionally, the stems are not particularly robust, but they do branch off frequently, resulting in a bushy and attractive display.
61. Begonia ‘Frosty’
Begonia Frosty is a unique plant with foliage that displays fine and thin main veins, making them less pronounced than those of the Looking Glass variety. It also has fine, furry features on the leaf surface, similar to the Maurice Amey species. The silvery sheen on the foliage may change in coloration depending on the amount of light it receives, with more burgundy tones and sheen appearing in strong optimum light and a shift towards silvery tones when kept in cooler, brighter shade. It can sometimes be mistaken for other species such as Sinbad or Aya due to its similar coloration.
62. Begonia Sinbad
Begonia Sinbad is a unique plant that resembles a Cane Begonia, with its branching growth habit that creates a shrub-like appearance. However, it is a slow-growing and sensitive plant, which can make it challenging to cultivate in harsh conditions. One of its distinctive features is the uniform dot formation on the foliage surface, creating evenly distributed patches of white and pink that stand out against the light green background. This dot formation is similar to that of the Begonia Maculata species and is especially attractive to collectors. Begonia Sinbad shares a similar structure with Begonia Burning Bush, although they have different coloration. Overall, Begonia Sinbad is a fascinating plant that adds a unique visual element to any indoor or outdoor garden.
63. Begonia Immense
Begonia Immense appears to have a slower growth rate compared to other Begonia cultivars. One notable feature of this plant is its hairy leaf stem, which resembles that of the Star Begonia. It’s interesting to note that Begonia Immense is considered an heirloom variety, having been passed down through generations, yet it is not commonly found in the plant market.
64. Begonia Martin’s Mystery
Originally known as Begonia ‘U192’, Martin’s Mystery Begonia is a cultivar believed to be native to Bicol, Philippines. It was brought into cultivation by Martin Johnson, a begonia grower, although little information is available about this plant. The foliage of Martin’s Mystery Begonia features metallic pink highlights with slightly darker green at the main veins and a burgundy underside, along with furry petioles. This is a Trailing Begonia, meaning that it will eventually develop long, twisting vines that may snap under their own weight if they become too lengthy. Martin’s Mystery Begonia is an excellent plant for hanging baskets, as it tends to become bushy and has a cascading effect when grown in this way.
65. Begonia – U514
The Begonia U514 displays dark bronze-green foliage that undergoes a color shift depending on the light intensity it receives. In shady areas, the foliage appears more green while it takes on a more bronze hue when exposed to bright light. Additionally, the coloration and veining of the foliage vary in different light environments, with vibrant red hues emerging under direct sunlight. Due to their fragility, the leaves of this plant can snap easily if accidentally brushed, as they lack flexibility. As such, it is advisable to keep them in a less movement-prone area within the garden.
66. Begonia Luzonensis
The Begonia Luzonensis is a begonia species native to the Philippines, specifically from the Luzon region. This species shares similarities in leaf formation and plant structure with Begonia Martin Mystery, and exhibits hardier characteristics compared to most begonias. The foliage of Begonia Luzonensis is oval-shaped with dark green veins and a silvery tone across the full foliage surface. While there are many different variants of this species with similar characteristics, the Philippines is home to 133 unique begonia species that are endemic to the region, some of which are endangered but most of which have been proposed for conservation status.
67. Begonia Goegoensis
Begonia Goegoensis is a species of begonia that was discovered in Sumatra in 1881. This rhizome begonia has an oval shape that is unique and similar to a few other species, particularly Begonia Phutoensis and Begonia Sudjanae. It also shares characteristics with Begonia Rajah. The foliage of this begonia features light green veins that span across the entire surface of the light red burgundy background. The colors of the foliage may appear brighter and more brilliant based on the amount of light that the plant receives. It has been observed that the greener colored versions of this species are hardier and easier to cultivate as garden plants.
68. Begonia Phuthoensis
Begonia Phuthoensis, also known as the spider-web begonia, is a remarkable species. It is generally considered to be hardier compared to its Rex begonia counterpart. This species thrives in shade with occasional exposure to indirect sunlight. When grown in optimal conditions with proper media, feeding, and growing space, it can grow quite large. However, it is important to note that too much sunlight can cause damage to the leaves, resulting in burned edges and potentially affecting the upright stalk and cup. The flowers of this species are small and white, with winged-like bells when it is about to bear fruit. While propagation using seeds has yet to be successful, this rhizome begonia is content to sit in one corner of the garden for now.
69. Begonia – U309
Begonia U309 is a Rex Begonia that has a less vibrant color compared to most other types of Rex Begonias, with colors similar to most kampung begonias. The red tones are mostly in the background and not as prominent as in most Cameron – Highland Types. The colors are repetitive, with the center and border edges having the same color as the mid veins, which are of a dark burgundy tone. The foliage is oval and grows generously big. If grown in shade, the tones appear diluted and span out big. However, if given good strong light, the background takes on an olive green tone with white speckles.
70. Begonia – U400
Begonia U400 is a type of Rhizome Begonia that features large oval leaves with a single pointed edge. The leaves have a silver coloration with greenish-grey veins and borders, and the stem of the leaves is covered with fine hairs.
71. Begonia ‘Silver Queen’
Begonia Silver Queen is a Rex Begonia that lacks prominent red tones, unlike most other Rex Begonias. The color pattern consists of repetitive silver tones at the center and the border edges, with a mid-band of greenish-grey veins. The foliage is oval and can grow quite large. In shaded conditions, the silver tones appear diluted and spread out, while under good strong light, the olive green notes become more prominent, and the silver in the mid-area appears more vibrant.
72. Begonia Sizemoreae
Begonia sizemoreae is a rhizomatous species that is native to North Vietnam and was named after its discoverer, the plant explorer Mary Sizemore. This species of begonia has multi-colored oval-shaped leaves and features similar characteristics to Begonia Rex. It is also covered with fine hairy features on the foliage surface.
73. Begonia Art Hodes
Begonia ‘Art Hodes’ is a plant with large asymmetrical green leaves that are covered with fine, furry red hairs, giving them a darker appearance. The leaves have a texture similar to crisp paper or sandpaper and are shaped like fig leaves, with an upright growth habit. Unlike most begonias, the plant does not have a sturdy, cane-like stalk and requires support to prevent it from falling and breaking. Although many websites describe it as a rhizome begonia, it actually has a more shrub-like growth pattern. The plant is quite thirsty and requires regular watering to avoid collapse, although it can tolerate hotter climates and other begonias. As the foliage matures, it tends to grow larger, and it’s a good idea to propagate trimmed leaves for spares in case the plant does not thrive in the garden.
74. Begonia Popenoei
Begonia popenoei, also known as Popenoe’s Begonia, White Begonia, or Giant Leaf Begonia, is a hardy rhizome begonia with a huge foliage structure that can grow tall and upright in the right conditions. Compared to colored Rex Begonia varieties, I find that green-leafed begonias like this one tend to do better. While it does produce a tall, upright inflorescence, I have yet to see it myself. Unlike most begonias, which are small and compact plants, this one is huge and showy, so it’s important to consider its growth size if you’re planning to grow it in your garden. Personally, I have refrained from getting this plant due to a lack of space in my own garden.
75. Begonia Emeiensis
The Large Green Begonia, categorized as a rhizome type, includes the Begonia Plebeja, Begonia Popenoei (also known as Popenoe’s Begonia), and Lotusland Hybrid Begonia, which bear strong similarities to each other. The Begonia emeiensis (also known as Mt. Emei Begonia) is the closest reference to this particular species. It is native to China’s Mt. Emei and was collected by Dan Hinkley in 1998. This rhizome begonia type has larger light green-yellow tones without any red or burgundy tones, making it similar to highland types. This bushy begonia takes up a large space, making it less ideal for small gardens. Consider the necessary space when cultivating it. Nevertheless, it is hardy and has the basic requirements similar to most begonias.
76. Begonia Sinuata
The Begonia Sinuata, also known as the Sparkling Begonia or Maple Leaf Begonia, appears to be a type of singular leaf begonia. An interesting observation is that a new leaf seems to form at the center of the leaf, making it unique and likely well-researched and studied botanically. It also produces flowers that resemble pink/white tiny inflorescences, similar to most Rex Begonia flowers in appearance.
77. Begonia Speculata
The Begonia Speculata is a Rhizome Begonia with toned-down colored foliage that resembles rugged, leather parchment material in dark gray-green tones. The foliage surface has a corrugated effect, making it unique. This begonia can fill up the whole pot by spreading its rhizome all over the surface of the pot. Its star-shaped, silvery leaves have a dark side and do not shine. It is quite hardy and can tolerate over-watering and under-watering very well. Once the plant has established itself, it becomes more stable and fits into the garden situation with minimal care. While the flowers of this plant are rare, they do appear occasionally. The flowers are pendant and cascade downward in light pink, making them interesting to note, although the plant itself is not particularly showy.
78. Begonia ‘Jive’
The Begonia ‘Jive’ or possibly ‘Baby Dress’ is a handsome begonia, but its true identity remains elusive. The greener the begonia, the hardier it may seem, as it can photosynthesize easily. However, this is not always the case. The plant can be sensitive and may not survive well, as the speaker had experienced after separating too many clumps.
79. Begonia Black Knight
Begonia Black Knight is a beautiful and popular begonia hybrid. It has dark, velvety leaves that are nearly black and strikingly stand out in any setting. The plant produces pink flowers, but its foliage is the main attraction. It is an ideal indoor plant, but it can also be grown outdoors in warm, humid climates. It requires moderate watering and indirect sunlight to thrive. With proper care, this begonia can grow up to two feet tall and can be propagated easily through stem cuttings.
80. Begonia Rex ‘China Curl’
The Begonia Rex ‘China Curl’ has a distinctive curly center that almost resembles a heart shape. While specific foliage descriptions are readily available on many plant websites, one of the standout features of this begonia is its black and white foliage formation. The white foliage has a silver sheen that gleams when viewed in bright light, making it a visually striking plant.
81. Begonia Acetosa
The Begonia Acetosa has a unique furry and spongy feel to its leaves that resemble a mushroom. This feature, along with its thick and succulent-like appearance, sets it apart from other begonias. However, despite its unusual characteristics, this plant is not hardy and is considered fragile.
82. Begonia Manaus
The Begonia Manaus or Begonia ‘Bonita Shea’ is a cascading soft-stemmed type of begonia that is best cultivated as a hanging basket plant to display its ornamental foliage. The oval curled leaves of this begonia have a fuzzy, velvety texture with a burgundy coloration and fine, red hairy fur on an olive green base background. The color tones vary depending on the light conditions, ranging from full shade to bright sun. This begonia also produces small white flowers that add a dainty touch to its overall appearance.
83. Begonia Silver Jewel
Begonia Silver Jewel is a unique hybrid variety of begonia that has striking silver and green leaves. Its leaves are asymmetrical with a unique pattern of silver spots and streaks on the dark green background. The undersides of the leaves are a deep purple color, which contrasts beautifully with the silver on top. The plant grows to a medium size and is compact and bushy. It is a popular ornamental houseplant that can be grown in pots, terrariums or hanging baskets. Begonia Silver Jewel is a low-maintenance plant that requires well-draining soil, moderate watering, and bright, indirect light.
84. Begonia Silver Limbo
Begonia Silver Limbo is a bushy plant with elongated leaves. The foliage has a silver sheen with a hint of red undertone, giving it a unique appearance.
85. Begonia Fedor
“Begonia Fedor shares many similarities with other common varieties, such as ‘Silver King’ and ‘Voodoo Star’. It can be difficult to differentiate them unless they are compared side by side to notice their subtle differences. The color and shade of its foliage can vary depending on the amount of light it receives, leading to some confusion. The edges of the leaves may have a slight lavender tint, similar to Begonia ‘Fireworks’. It’s possible that these cultivars are interbred and their genetic characteristics are expressed during growth.”
86. Begonia Candy Stripes
Begonia Candy Stripes is a rhizome begonia that displays a remarkable feature when exposed to bright indirect sunlight. Its foliage takes on a deeper red hue the more light it receives, creating a striking candy stripe effect. This makes it a great addition to any collection, especially for those who love colorful and unique plants.
87. Begonia ‘Red Bull’
The ‘Red’ collection of begonias has many variations and cultivars, as I learned when I discovered Begonia ‘Red Bull’. At first, I had mistaken it for ‘Inca Red’, but it has a bright metallic red color with a black spot in the center. Its appearance is similar to ‘Harmony Pink Satin’, but the metallic red is evenly distributed rather than being spaced out like silver.
88. Begonia ‘Cathedral’
Begonia ‘Cathedral’, also known as Begonia ‘Stained Glass’ or sometimes labeled as Begonia ‘Cathedral Windows’, is named after the special effect on its foliage which looks like stained glass. Describing the formation of its foliage can be challenging, as it appears ruffled with twists, curls, and folds. Each fold and bend creates a unique feature, and the basic formation is a cupped shape in an upright growth pattern.
89. Begonia ‘Sierra Gentle Rain’
Begonia ‘Sierra Gentle Rain’ is a Cane Begonia with large, green leaves that have silver splashes on the surface. The lobes of the leaves are prominent and pronounced. This plant shares many similarities with Begonia ‘Sophie Cecile’, but the latter has broader leaves with burgundy tones, while ‘Sierra Gentle Rain’ has greener leaves. However, there is often confusion between ‘Sierra Gentle Rain’ and Begonia Aconitifolia, as the latter has miniature leaves similar to ‘Sophie Cecile’ but with burgundy tones.
90. Begonia Amphioxus
Begonia Amphioxus is a rare and unique species of begonia that is native to Brazil. It is a rhizomatous begonia that grows to about 30 cm tall and has lance-shaped leaves with a green upper surface and red undersides. The leaves have a distinctive spiral twist that creates an unusual and eye-catching appearance. The flowers are small and white and appear in clusters above the foliage. Begonia Amphioxus requires warm temperatures and high humidity to thrive and is a popular choice for indoor cultivation.
91. Begonia Darthvaderiana
Discovered in 2014, Begonia darthvaderiana (also known as Begonia Darth Vader) is a tropical plant that is native to Borneo. The foliage of this plant is deep black and asymmetrical, with a prominent silver-yellow border, while the underside of the leaf is dark red. In optimal conditions, the plant can grow up to 60 cm in height and produces deep red flowers.
92. Begonia Thelmae
Begonia Thelmae is a rare and unusual species of begonia native to Thailand. It is a compact plant with small leaves that are green on top and reddish on the bottom, giving it a unique two-tone appearance. Its flowers are small and pink in color, blooming intermittently throughout the year. This begonia is highly prized by collectors for its rarity and distinctive features.
93. Begonia Ferox
Begonia ferox is a rhizomatous plant species that is indigenous to Guanxi, China. The plant is known for its fierce appearance, which is due to the unique characteristics of its leaves. The leaves have a bubble-like texture with dark spires that are topped with soft hair, giving it a distinctive and fascinating look. Begonia ferox is one of the most unusual begonia species, and collectors who are experienced and curious are likely to be thrilled to add it to their collection.