Aeonium Tabuliforme (Updated 2023)

If you are a succulent lover or a gardener searching for a unique and visually striking plant, look no further than the Aeonium tabuliforme, commonly known as the Dinner Plate Agave. This captivating succulent is renowned for its compact, almost flat growth form and its fascinating Fibonacci spiral pattern. In this comprehensive guide, I will provide you with all the information you need to care for and propagate the A. tabuliforme, ensuring that this stunning plant thrives in your garden or indoor space.

Characteristics of the Aeonium Tabuliforme

The Aeonium tabuliforme belongs to the family Crassulaceae and the genus Aeonium. It is native to Tenerife in the Canary Islands, where it thrives in warm climates. This succulent forms a compact rosette of overlapping, nearly flat leaves that start narrow but can grow up to 2 inches (5 cm) in height and 18 inches (45 cm) in diameter. The green and fleshy leaves can reach lengths of up to 16 inches (15 cm) and widths of up to 1.6 inches (4 cm). After approximately four years, the A. tabuliforme blooms with a raceme of stunning yellow flowers that can reach heights of 40-60 cm.

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Plant Guide for Aeonium Tabuliforme

To ensure the healthy growth and development of your Aeonium tabuliforme, it is essential to provide it with the right conditions and care. Here’s a step-by-step guide to help you cultivate this striking succulent successfully.

  1. Light Requirements: A. tabuliforme thrives in bright locations with plenty of direct sunlight throughout the year. For optimal growth, place the plant in a sunny and warm spot near a south-facing window. However, be cautious during intense summer sunlight to prevent leaf scorching or sunburns.
  2. Watering: Moderate watering is key for the A. tabuliforme. The succulent’s roots should be kept slightly moist, but avoid overwatering. Before watering, ensure that the top 1 to 2 cm of the soil is dry. It’s better to underwater than to overwater this plant. During the rest period between October and February, water sparingly to prevent complete soil dryness.
  3. Soil: Provide your A. tabuliforme with a well-draining soil mixture. A combination of 60% succulent soil (also known as cactus soil) and 40% mineral components, such as gravel, perlite, lava rocks, and quartz sand, creates an ideal substrate. These open-pored mineral components support airflow, store nutrients and moisture, and allow excess water to drain effectively.
  4. Climate: A. tabuliforme thrives in warm temperatures between 18°C and 23°C. During the winter period, it prefers temperatures around 12°C and as much direct sunlight as possible. Ensure temperatures do not drop below 10°C, as this succulent cannot tolerate colder conditions.
  5. Fertilizer: Feed your A. tabuliforme with a weak solution of succulent fertilizer every four weeks during the growth phase. Avoid fertilizing during the rest period.

Propagation of Aeonium Tabuliforme

Propagating the Aeonium tabuliforme is a rewarding process that allows you to expand your collection or share this beautiful succulent with others. Here are two propagation methods you can use:

  1. Cuttings: Take 3 to 4 cm long stem cuttings from the branching A. tabuliforme at the beginning of the growing season. Let the cuttings dry for a few days, then place them in moistened succulent soil. After three to four weeks, roots should begin to form. Around six weeks later, you can transfer the young plants to a partially sunny or fully sunny location, treating them as mature specimens.
  2. Leaf Cuttings: To propagate using leaf cuttings, carefully remove a single leaf from the rosette by plucking or cutting it as close to the base as possible. Place the leaf in a specialized succulent substrate. Avoid exposing the young plant to direct midday sun until the following summer, when it reaches about one centimeter in size.

Common Problems with Aeonium Tabuliforme and Their Solutions

While the Aeonium tabuliforme is generally a hardy succulent, it may encounter some common issues. Here are a few problems you might encounter and their solutions:

  1. Pest Infestations: A. tabuliforme can be susceptible to pests like spider mites, mealybugs, and scale insects. Treat these pests with suitable pesticides or natural treatments like horticultural oil spray or insecticidal soap.
  2. Diseases: A. tabuliforme may develop diseases such as corynespora leaf spot, achlya leaf spot, or root rot. Immediate action is necessary to address these diseases. Use appropriate treatments and maintain proper watering and drainage practices to prevent their occurrence.
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Winter Care for Aeonium Tabuliforme

During winter, it is crucial to provide appropriate care for your A. tabuliforme to protect it from cold temperatures. Follow these guidelines to ensure the plant’s survival:

  1. Light and Temperature: Place the plant in a location where it receives ample light but is shielded from cold winds. Avoid exposing it to temperatures below 45°F (7°C) for an extended period. If necessary, move potted plants indoors or create protective cages to insulate them.
  2. Watering: Prevent water from freezing inside the pots, as it can damage the plant’s roots when thawing. Cover exposed soil with mulch or bring the container indoors if it cannot be protected.

By following these winter care tips, you can help your A. tabuliforme survive and thrive during the colder months.

In conclusion, the A. Tabuliforme, or Dinner Plate Agave, is a visually striking succulent that can add a touch of elegance to any garden or indoor space. By providing the right conditions, including proper lighting, watering, soil, and temperature, you can ensure the healthy growth of this remarkable plant. Additionally, learning how to propagate the A. tabuliforme through cuttings or leaf propagation allows you to expand your collection and share the beauty of this succulent with others. With its unique Fibonacci spiral pattern and compact growth form, the Aeonium tabuliforme is sure to be a showstopper in any succulent collection.

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