Aeonium Black Rose (Updated 2023)

Aeonium arboreum ‘Zwartkop’, commonly known as the Aeonium Black Rose, is a stunning succulent that stands out among its peers. With its striking dark purple, almost black foliage, this plant is a favorite among succulent enthusiasts. If you’re considering adding this beautiful plant to your collection, it’s important to understand how to care for it properly. In this guide, I’ll provide you with all the essential information you need to ensure the health and vitality of your Aeonium Arboreum ‘Zwartkop’ (Black Rose) succulent.

Growing Requirements for Aeonium Black Rose

When it comes to caring for the Aeonium Black Rose, providing ample light is crucial for its growth and well-being. These chubby succulents thrive outdoors, even in freezing temperatures. However, they can also be grown indoors with proper care and adherence to indoor growing requirements.

If you choose to grow them indoors, it’s important to provide the plant with plenty of light. Place the pot near the brightest window in your house. Additionally, be cautious about overwatering when growing indoors and ensure that the plant is potted in well-draining soil. For outdoor growing requirements, refer to the next section.

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Watering Requirements

While most succulents are drought-tolerant, the frequency of watering depends on the climate and humidity of your area. In dry climates, where the climate is arid, you’ll need to water your Aeonium Black Rose more frequently. During intense heat in the summer, watering every seven days is recommended. However, as the weather cools down, reduce watering to once every 12 days, especially if the plant is placed outdoors. Conversely, in humid regions, you won’t need to water them as often.

When growing them indoors in high humidity, adjust the watering frequency accordingly. In winter, it’s best to rely mostly on rainwater and avoid watering the succulents too frequently. However, if your area experiences a lack of rainfall during winter, water your Aeonium Black Rose once every three weeks.

These remarkable succulents thrive when they receive rainwater during winter, leading to vigorous growth. It’s worth noting that the growing season for Aeonium Black Rose is from winter to early spring. If you’re uncertain about when to water your plant, check the moisture of the soil. If it feels dry to the touch, it’s time to water. When in doubt, it’s better to underwater than overwater.

Soil Requirements

Like many other succulents, Aeonium Black Rose requires well-draining soil. A recommended soil mixture consists of cactus potting mix and perlite. For dry climates, use a 2:1 solution of cactus mix and perlite. If you’re growing the plant in a humid climate, opt for a 1:1 solution of perlite and cactus potting mix. Alternatively, you can mix the potting soil with coarse sand as a substitute for perlite.

Light Requirements

This beautiful succulent thrives in partial shady areas, but it can also tolerate full sun. If you’re placing the plant in an area with intense sun exposure, it’s important to acclimate your Aeonium Black Rose gradually to prevent sunburn. Increase the exposure to sunlight steadily until the plant can tolerate full sun.

Keep in mind that even with acclimation, your Aeonium Black Rose can still experience sun damage or sunburn during a heatwave or extreme heat. In such cases, it’s advisable to move the plant indoors or to a shady area to protect it from excessive sunlight.

Frost Tolerance

Aeonium Black Rose can tolerate mild frost but cannot withstand freezing temperatures for extended periods. If you live in an area with severe winters, it’s essential to protect your plant from freezing temperatures or frost. To safeguard your Aeonium Black Rose, bring it indoors during winter and plant it in containers. If it’s planted in the ground and cannot be transferred, use frost covers or cloths for protection.

Propagation of Aeonium Black Rose

The best way to propagate Aeonium Black Rose is through stem cuttings. This succulent does not propagate from leaves, but stem cuttings ensure successful propagation.

Step 1: Take a stem cutting and let it dry for a day or two. In humid locations, additional drying time may be necessary, depending on the stem’s thickness. Thicker stems require more drying time.

Step 2: Optional step: Dip the dried stem in rooting hormone to expedite the rooting and propagation process.

Step 3: Once the stem has dried and calloused, plant it in well-draining soil.

Step 4: Water the soil every few days or when it becomes dry, and keep the plant away from direct sunlight.

Step 5: After a few weeks, roots should develop. Test if the plant has rooted by gently tugging at it. If it remains firm in the soil, roots have formed, and you have successfully propagated a new plant.

Step 6: Keep the newly rooted plant away from direct sunlight until fully established, gradually increasing the amount of light as the plant matures.

Step 7: Once the plant reaches maturity, reduce watering as it becomes more drought-tolerant.

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Common Problems with Aeonium Black Rose

Aeoniums naturally shed old leaves as new ones develop, so leaf drop is a normal occurrence. However, if the plant experiences excessive leaf drop, it may indicate a problem, typically related to watering. Both underwatering and overwatering can cause leaf drop. Underwatered plants shed leaves to conserve water and energy. In this case, watering the plant thoroughly will help it recover.

Overwatered plants will also shed leaves, often with a soggy appearance. If you suspect overwatering, remove the plant from the wet soil, let it dry out for a few days, and repot it in well-draining soil. Trim any rotted parts and salvage the firm, healthy stem for propagation.

During dormancy or under stressful conditions, Aeonium Black Rose may shed leaves. Dormancy usually occurs during the summer months or under extreme heat or drought. This is a natural response to protect itself and conserve energy. During this time, it’s important to reduce watering and provide some shade or protection from intense sunlight.

Another common issue with Aeonium Black Rose is root rot, which occurs when the plant is overwatered or planted in soil that retains too much moisture. To prevent root rot, ensure that the soil is well-draining and avoid overwatering. If you notice signs of root rot, such as mushy or blackened roots, it’s crucial to take immediate action. Remove the affected parts of the plant, allow the remaining healthy parts to dry out, and replant them in fresh, well-draining soil.

Pests can also be a problem for Aeonium Black Rose. Mealybugs, aphids, and spider mites are common pests that can infest succulents. If you notice signs of pests, such as tiny insects, webbing, or distorted growth, you can take several steps to control them. Start by physically removing the pests using a cotton swab dipped in rubbing alcohol. You can also use insecticidal soap or neem oil spray to treat the infested plant. Be sure to follow the instructions on the product and apply it in a well-ventilated area.

Lastly, Aeonium Black Rose may sometimes suffer from etiolation, which is the elongation and stretching of the plant’s stem. Etiolation is usually caused by insufficient light. To prevent etiolation, make sure your plant is receiving enough sunlight or provide artificial grow lights if growing indoors. If you notice signs of etiolation, you can prune the elongated stems and encourage the plant to grow compact and bushy.

Overall, by providing proper care, including adequate sunlight, well-draining soil, appropriate watering, and pest control measures, you can keep your Aeonium Arboreum ‘Zwartkop’ (Black Rose) succulent healthy and thriving. Remember to observe your plant closely, adjust your care routine based on its specific needs, and enjoy the beauty of this stunning succulent.

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