Aglaonema Cutlass (Updated 2023)

As a houseplant enthusiast, I have always been on the lookout for the perfect combination of beauty and ease of care. That’s when I stumbled upon the Aglaonema Cutlass, a striking member of the Chinese Evergreen genus. Its unique features, adaptability, and low-maintenance requirements have made it an ideal addition to my indoor plant collection. In this article, I will share everything you need to know about the Aglaonema Cutlass, from its characteristics and care guide to common problems and propagation tips.

Characteristics of Aglaonema Cutlass

The Aglaonema Cutlass, also known as Chinese Evergreen ‘Cutlass’ with the scientific name Aglaonema ‘Cutlass’ is a tropical plant that belongs to the Araceae botanical family. Its origin can be traced back to the subtropical rainforests of Asia and New Guinea. The plant features large, spiky leaves that are silver-green with darker green markings, giving it a unique and eye-catching appearance. It is a slow-growing indoor plant that usually reaches a maximum height of around 0.5 meters.

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Plant Guide for Aglaonema Cutlass

Light: In its natural habitat, the Aglaonema Cutlass grows under the leaf canopy of larger trees and shrubs, receiving dappled light. As a houseplant, it thrives in lower light conditions but can tolerate brighter light too. Avoid exposing it to direct sunlight, as it may lead to sunburn and damage the leaves.

Watering: During the summer, water the Aglaonema Cutlass thoroughly and allow the top inch of the soil to dry out before the next watering. In winter, reduce watering frequency but never let the soil dry out completely. Watering from the bottom is advisable to prevent damage to the sensitive leaves.

Temperature: This plant prefers warm to high temperatures, ideally ranging from 18°C to 23°C. It can withstand temperatures as low as 15°C but should not be exposed to temperatures below 60°F.

Feeding: To keep the Aglaonema Cutlass healthy and vibrant, provide it with a diluted liquid fertilizer every 2-3 weeks during the growing season. You can also opt for a balanced slow-release fertilizer applied in early spring.

Grooming: Prune the plant occasionally by cutting back straggly stems to around 5cm from the soil. Regular dusting of the leaves will keep it clean and healthy.

Propagation of Aglaonema Cutlass

Propagating the Aglaonema Cutlass can be done through stem cuttings. Here’s a step-by-step guide to help you propagate this beautiful houseplant:

  1. Select a healthy stem with at least two nodes (points where the leaves attach to the stem).
  2. Using a sharp, clean knife or shears, cut the stem just below a node.
  3. Place the cutting in a container with water, ensuring that the nodes are submerged.
  4. Keep the container in a warm and well-lit location, but not in direct sunlight.
  5. After a few weeks, roots will begin to develop from the nodes.
  6. Once the roots are around 2-3 inches long, transfer the cutting to a pot with well-draining soil.

Tips for Aglaonema Cutlass Care

  1. Avoid using tap water that contains high levels of fluoride, chlorine, or salt, as it can cause browning of the leaf tips. Use rainwater or let tap water sit in an open container overnight before using it for watering.
  2. Keep the Aglaonema Cutlass away from curious pets and children, as its leaves contain insoluble calcium oxalates, which are toxic if ingested.
  3. To maintain the beautiful variegation of the leaves, provide the plant with sufficient indirect light. Lighter-colored varieties of aglaonema require brighter light compared to their darker counterparts.
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Common Problems and Solutions

  1. Root Rot: Overwatering or poorly-draining soil can lead to root rot. Ensure that the soil is well-draining and avoid excessive watering.
  2. Mealy Bugs: These pests can infest the plant and excrete a sticky substance called honeydew. Remove them manually and treat the plant with neem oil or an insecticidal spray.
  3. Leaf Spot: Fungal infections like leaf spot can occur in humid conditions. Ensure good air circulation and avoid overhead watering to prevent this problem.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q: Can the Aglaonema Cutlass thrive in low-light conditions?
A: Yes, this plant is quite adaptable and can survive in lower light levels, but its variegation may fade over time.

Q: How often should I fertilize my Aglaonema Cutlass?
A: During the growing season (spring and summer), feed the plant with a diluted liquid fertilizer every 2-3 weeks or use a balanced slow-release fertilizer once a year in early spring.

Q: Is the Aglaonema Cutlass a pet-safe plant?
A: No, the leaves of the Aglaonema Cutlass contain insoluble calcium oxalates, which are toxic to pets if ingested.

In conclusion, the Aglaonema Cutlass is an excellent choice for those seeking an attractive and easy-to-care-for houseplant. With its unique appearance and ability to thrive in various conditions, it has become a favorite among plant enthusiasts. By following the provided care guide, you can enjoy the beauty of this tropical gem in your home or office without much fuss. So, why wait? Bring home an Aglaonema Cutlass and add a touch of elegance to your living space!

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