Philodendrons are a popular choice for indoor and outdoor gardening due to their attractive foliage and easy care. There are over 400 species of philodendrons, with a wide variety of leaf shapes, sizes, and colors.
The Atabapoense, a Philodendron variety, is native to Venezuela and can also be found in the Amazonian region of Brazil. This climbing and vining plant is easy to care for and requires little maintenance to flourish, although it needs vertical support during its active growth phases to reach its full height.
Although the Atabapoense may not bloom frequently indoors, it does produce spathe with a purple-brown hue on the inside and green exterior. To live their best and longest lives, these plants prefer moist, well-drained soil without standing water, and partial sunlight. They can tolerate neglect, making them an excellent option for sprucing up a home office. However, direct sunlight can damage their brightly-colored leaves.
The Atabapoense thrives outdoors in climate zones 9 through 11, but if temperatures drop close to freezing, it should be kept in a container and brought indoors to protect it from the cold.
The Bernardopazii, a species of Philodendron originating from the Brazilian jungles, is a unique climbing house plant with large, glossy green leaves that feature white veins on top and red veins underneath. While it may seem like a high-maintenance plant, it is actually relatively easy to care for if provided with the proper environment. It is worth noting that the Bernardopazii is a species that has its own varieties, but for the purposes of simplicity, we have included it in our list.
The plant’s elongated green leaves attach to the stem with a pink hue and white streaks. Flowering in its natural habitat is common, but it is less frequent indoors. However, for plant enthusiasts who provide the right growing conditions, the Bernardopazii’s spathe is light green and produces beautiful white flowers.
To thrive, it prefers bright but indirect sunlight and well-drained soil that contains organic matter, such as peat moss or perlite. Outdoor Bernardopazii plants will do best in growing zones 9 through 11.
The Billietiae is a hemiepiphytic Philodendron plant that spends part of its life with its root system out of the ground. It is native to Brazil, Costa Rica, French Guiana, and Guyana and is an impressive species with leaves that can reach up to three feet long and ten inches wide, although the plant itself can grow up to five feet tall. As such, it is important to provide ample space for this variety to grow.
While the Billietiae will carry white or off-white flowers when blooming in its natural habitat, indoor plants may require proper care to produce flowers. Humidity is a crucial factor for this and other varieties. If you live in a dry climate, it is advisable to use a pebble tray or regularly mist your plant to maintain proper humidity levels. Additionally, providing well-drained soil and indirect bright light is essential for optimal growing conditions.
Bipennifolium, the Horsehead or Fiddleleaf plant is a tropical species that originates from the rainforests of Brazil and Argentina. Its climbing nature allows it to wrap around neighboring trees and plants as it grows, creating a stunning visual display.
This variety is named after its uniquely-shaped leaves, which resemble either a horse’s head or a violin. The leaves start with a bright neon yellow color and darken to green as the plant matures. Lucky plant enthusiasts who witness the Bipennifolium flowering will see creamy-white spathes and small green fruit.
Despite their climbing nature, these varieties prefer smaller living quarters and are happy in smaller containers as long as ample water drainage is provided to prevent root rot.
The Bipinnatifidum, also known as the Selloum or Lacy Tree Philodendron, is native to Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, and Paraguay, but can also be found in many southern U.S. states where the climate is favorable. It boasts beautiful white blooms during the spring and summer with ample growing conditions.
One of the unique features of this variety is its ability to adapt to its surroundings, resulting in a significant size difference between growing outside and indoors. While it can reach up to 15 feet in its natural habitat, it typically measures between five and six feet tall as an indoor plant.
Unlike other varieties, the Bipinnatifidum prefers moist soil without standing water for optimal growth. Its broad, bright leaves can add a tropical feel to any home or office, making it a popular choice among plant enthusiasts.
The Philodendron Birkin is a fascinating hybrid of the Congo and Imperial Green varieties, believed to have originated in Thailand. One of its most notable features is its dark-colored leaves with bright yellow patterns, making it an eye-catching addition to any indoor garden.
This Philodendron variety thrives in loose soil that allows for proper water drainage while still retaining enough moisture to keep the plant hydrated. However, it’s essential to strike a balance as a potting medium that is too loose can lead to dehydration, while soil that is too dense can lead to root rot.
One interesting aspect of the Philodendron Birkin is that it may revert to its original Congo lineage, losing its yellow-white stripes and returning to dark green leaves. Additionally, each Birkin may have unique leaf variations, providing plant enthusiasts with a one-of-a-kind houseplant.
The Black Cardinal Philodendron is a stunning plant that hails from South America. It boasts large oval leaves with a unique dark burgundy-brown black hue that gradually darkens as the plant matures, starting with a bright bronze color. When in bloom, the spathe flowers of the Black Cardinal are a rich dark red color.
During the warm summer months, this plant can grow aggressively and may require repotting if it outgrows its current space. It’s essential to provide the Black Cardinal with the proper planting medium to avoid calcium and magnesium deficiencies that can cause pale-colored leaves. Regular fertilization and nutrient-rich soil are crucial for optimal growth.
In addition to its aesthetic appeal, the Black Cardinal is an excellent natural air purifier, making it an ideal addition to any home or office. However, it’s important to note that this Philodendron thrives in moist soil and prefers to avoid sandy potting mixes.
The Bob Cee Philodendron is a unique and stunning plant with long, narrow, serrated leaves that are native to the sub-tropical and tropical regions of South America. Its unknown parentage has contributed to its rarity, and it is named after an individual with the same moniker.
This climbing plant produces breathtaking pale yellow-white blooms, which add a delightful contrast to its saw-toothed bright green foliage. Interestingly, the Bob Cee can grow downwards if left to hang without support.
The Bob Cee flourishes in warm, humid environments, making it suitable for climate zones 10 to 12. To keep this rare plant healthy, be sure to regularly mist its leaves or place a pebble tray nearby. Adequate water drainage is also necessary to prevent root rot, so make sure to provide the right potting medium for your Bob Cee Philodendron.
The Brandtianum, also known as the Silver Leaf Philodendron, is a beautiful plant native to Central and South America, characterized by its unique olive-colored leaves with silver markings. This bushy plant can grow with support or trail down, making it perfect for adding a tropical vibe to any space.
Ideally suited for indoor cultivation in the proper climate or outdoor growth in zones 9 through 11, the Brandtianum thrives in warmer temperatures and requires adequate humidity. While this Philodendron rarely blooms indoors, when it does, the flowers are green with a violet interior.
To avoid damaging the leaves, keep your Brandtianum away from direct sunlight. Although misting is essential for caring for this plant, be mindful of water left on the leaves, as it can promote bacterial growth that can be harmful to the plant’s health.
The Philodendron Brasil, is a unique hybrid plant that originates from the Caribbean, Central, and South America. This plant’s distinctive bright green and yellow colors are reminiscent of the Brazilian flag, which inspired its name. However, it can revert to its Heartleaf parentage if it does not receive the appropriate nutrients and care to flourish.
This trailing plant is versatile and can be placed on a shelf, in a hanging basket, or on a table with support to climb. Despite its striking appearance, the Brazil Philodendron is one of the less demanding varieties of its family.
While indoor blooming is rare, when the Brazil has a chance to flower, plant lovers will see green and white blooms that add an extra touch of beauty to this already stunning plant.
The Burle Marx, a Philodendron variety originating from Brazil, boasts narrow, heart-shaped leaves that can range in color from light to dark green, with occasional silver or gold variegation. This tropical plant is not only easy to care for but also an excellent choice for allergy sufferers as it doesn’t produce pollen.
While the Burle Marx is perfect for indoor spaces, its foliage can also be used to create wreaths and other ornamental arrangements. Despite being relatively small compared to other Philodendron varieties, this plant can still grow up to two feet in height and two to four feet in width, making it ideal for smaller spaces.
The Burle Marx’s white, insignificant flowers bloom only during its reproductive cycle. With its attractive foliage and easy maintenance, this plant is a great choice for both indoor and outdoor decor.
The Callosum is a Philodendron variety that hails from northwestern Brazil, the Guiana Shield, and Venezuela, where it grows attached to trees as an epiphyte. It can also be grown as a decorative houseplant in well-drained soil or on land with aerial roots. The plant is characterized by its elongated, rounded leaves, which resemble those of many Hoya cultivars.
The Callosum grows best in outdoor growing zones 9 through 11, but it is not cold-hardy and should be brought indoors when temperatures drop below freezing. Unlike many other Philodendrons, the Callosum is not a climbing plant, but its leaves grow along the ground and outward, making it an excellent decorative ground cover for your indoor or outdoor space.
Are you looking for a Philodendron variety that is both unique and breathtaking? Look no further than the Camposportoanum. This small tropical plant hails from Central and South America and boasts petite oval dark leaves that mature into several distinct three-lobed shapes. For an added twist, the leaves can turn pink with bright light.
Despite its uniqueness, the Camposportoanum is easy to care for in similar conditions to other Philodendrons. Bright, indirect sunlight and ample soil drainage are essential for optimal growth. These plants also thrive with humidity, making regular misting or a pebble tray necessary for indoor plants.
If you live in growing climates of 10 to 12, this plant can thrive outdoors. With its high tropical climate needs, the Camposportoanum is a favorite for its decorative and unique foliage during all growth stages. Give your space an exotic touch with the stunning Camposportoanum Philodendron.
Looking for a plant that will make a statement in your home? Look no further than the Dark Lord Philodendron. Native to Columbia and Panama, this prolific grower is easy to care for, making it an excellent choice for beginners.
What sets the Dark Lord apart is its unique color-changing foliage. Starting with deep orange leaves that turn blood red, it eventually matures into a dark green with metallic maroon hues underneath, and some leaves may even appear black. Each leaf is attached to a bright red stem, adding to its striking appearance.
During its blooming season in May, the Dark Lord will produce stunning burgundy and wine-colored flowers. If you’re looking for a plant that’s easy to care for but still makes a bold statement, the Dark Lord Philodendron is an excellent choice.
The Erubescens is an aggressive climber, so it’s perfect for those looking to add a bit of vertical interest to their plant collection. And when it blooms, the deep red flowers are simply breathtaking against the bright green foliage.
Despite its impressive appearance, the Erubescens is relatively easy to care for and doesn’t require much maintenance. However, for those who want to keep its growth in check, pruning is always an option. So why not bring a touch of the tropics into your home or office with this gorgeous Philodendron variety?
If you’re a plant lover who enjoys unique and distinct varieties, the Florida Ghost Philodendron is worth considering. A hybrid of the Pedatum and Squamiferum, this plant undergoes a fascinating color transformation as it grows. The leaves start as shiny white and transition to a yellow-green hue before finally settling into a dark green color at maturity.
Consistent lighting is essential for the Florida Ghost’s optimal growth. It requires 12 hours of indirect sunlight and 12 hours of darkness, but these conditions may not be readily available in some areas. As a result, supplementing with artificial light can be beneficial.
While blooming is rare, this plant may surprise you with bright purple flowers that stretch up to 12 inches long under the right circumstances. Whether as a focal point or an addition to your existing indoor garden, the Florida Ghost is an excellent choice for plant enthusiasts looking for a unique and striking Philodendron variety.
If you’re looking to add a touch of tropical beauty to your space, the Gloriosum Philodendron is an excellent choice. Originating in Columbia, this plant can also be found in other countries such as Brazil, Central America, Mexico, and Venezuela. Its smooth, glossy green leaves have white, pale pink, or green veins, giving it a unique appearance. The leaves are also soft and velvety to the touch, which is a characteristic of some Philodendron varieties.
While the Gloriosum is not a fast-growing plant, it can produce white flowers in ideal growing conditions. It is low-maintenance and does not require frequent repotting, only every two or three years. You also don’t have to worry about regular pruning, making it an excellent option for plant lovers who want a fuss-free addition to their homes or offices.
Overall, the Gloriosum Philodendron is a stunning and easy-to-care-for plant that will add a touch of elegance to any space.
If you’re looking for a slow-growing Philodendron variety with unique foliage, the Grazielae might be the perfect choice. Its glossy bright green leaves are shaped like hearts, and it will climb upright on a thick stem with the right support.
When potting the Grazielae, it’s important not to choose a container that’s too large. Excessive potting material combined with insufficient drainage can result in water retention, which can cause root rot and harm the plant.
This Philodendron variety produces small, slender white flowers that measure around four to five centimeters long. However, it’s primarily grown for its attractive foliage, and the blooms are not a significant feature of this plant.
The Green Congo Philodendron is a captivating plant that stands out with its unique leaf coloration. Its new leaves emerge in a deep, glossy red shade and gradually transform into a striking burgundy-green tone. It’s not uncommon to find this Philodendron exhibiting different shades of red and green leaves simultaneously, providing an eye-catching display for indoor tropical enthusiasts.
While the Green Congo is native to South America, it doesn’t climb or vine like other Philodendron varieties. Instead, it grows upright with a thick, tree-like stem, making it an excellent floor plant. However, you can also find compact versions suitable for smaller spaces.
The Green Congo produces fragrant flowers that add to its visual appeal. The flowers can vary in color, from red to green or white, making this Philodendron a versatile addition to any home or office space. With proper care and maintenance, the Green Congo Philodendron can thrive and provide long-lasting beauty.
The Hastatum Philodendron, also called the Silver Sword Philodendron, is a unique plant that features elongated, sword-shaped leaves with striking metallic silver-blue foliage. Originating from Central and South America, this Philodendron variety thrives in similar climates to other members of its family.
As the Hastatum matures, its leaves become more triangular and pointed, and their colors change from greyish or pale green with a blue tinge to a dark green. While this plant will eventually produce white flowers, they may take several years to appear and are rare when grown indoors.
With its thick stem and climbing tendencies, the Hastatum can grow up to twice as wide as it is tall, providing a stunning tropical atmosphere in any space.
The Heartleaf Philodendron is a charming and popular houseplant, known for its heart-shaped leaves that bring warmth and love into any space. It is a native plant of Central America and the Caribbean and is well-suited to growing indoors, making it an excellent option for plant enthusiasts in many locations.
While the Heartleaf Philodendron is not a prolific bloomer, it may produce small white flowers if it is mature and the growing conditions are ideal. This Philodendron’s vines can grow up to six feet long, and its dark green leaves can measure between two and four inches.
Although the Heartleaf Philodendron is typically grown indoors, it can thrive outside in climate zones 10 or 11, as long as there is no risk of frost or cold temperatures. With its low maintenance needs, the Heartleaf Philodendron is an excellent choice for anyone looking to add a touch of love and greenery to their home or office space.
The Hope Selloum plant, also referred to as the Lacey Tree, is a gorgeous plant that can add an exquisite touch to any indoor environment. It is originally from South America and is a popular ornamental plant in select regions of the United States, Australia, and the Philippines.
The Hope Selloum has elongated green lobes that grow in various directions from the stem, giving it an intricate, delicate appearance. With proper care, this plant can live for up to 20 years or more, growing no more than five feet tall indoors. Its leaves can grow up to four feet long, providing an impressive display for plant enthusiasts.
Although not abundant, the Hope Selloum does produce small white flowers, but only when it reaches maturity, which typically takes 15 years or more.
Imperial Green and Imperial Red Philodendrons are plant varieties that thrive in warm, humid areas of North, Central, and South America. When grown indoors, they typically reach two to three feet tall and up to three feet wide. These plants are unique among Philodendrons as they do not vine but are self-heading.
One may find it challenging to distinguish between Imperial Red and Congo varieties since they are both hybrids and look quite similar. The leaves of these plants are smooth and glossy, and the Imperial Red variety has red-tinged leaves that mature into burgundy-purple and eventually turn dark green.
In rare instances, mature Imperial Green and Imperial Red plants may produce reddish-purple flowers. Overall, these unique and striking plants make a great addition to any indoor garden, adding a touch of elegance and color to the surroundings.
The Joepii Philodendron is a rare and unique plant species that is at risk of extinction in its natural South American jungle habitat. This plant’s leaves are distinctively patterned, with three-lobes that resemble foliage damage caused by chewing or dragging. However, this is entirely normal for this species, and with proper care, the leaves can grow up to 27 inches long.
This Philodendron variety produces blooms that range in color from white to purple, but it requires pristine growing conditions for this to occur. Regular pruning is necessary to remove dead leaves and help the plant maintain its shape and optimal growth.
Due to its rarity and limited availability, the Joepii Philodendron is quite expensive for plant enthusiasts. Nevertheless, the plant’s unique and striking appearance makes it a highly sought-after addition to any indoor garden. Despite the cost, many individuals are willing to invest in this exotic species to add a touch of rare beauty to their space.
I absolutely adore my Philodendron ‘Jose Buono’ plant! Its large, glossy leaves with their heart-shaped form are simply stunning. The deep green color of the foliage is mesmerizing, especially when paired with the maroon undersides that add a touch of elegance. What truly sets my ‘Jose Buono’ apart is its variegation. The creamy white streaks and patches that adorn the leaves create a captivating contrast, making it a focal point in any room. As it grows, the plant’s trailing vines gracefully cascade down from its hanging basket, adding a touch of natural beauty to my living space. Taking care of my ‘Jose Buono’ is a joy, as it thrives in bright, indirect light, and I love watching it flourish. It’s truly a remarkable addition to my plant collection, and I couldn’t be happier with its unique and captivating characteristics.
The Lacerum Philodendron is a beautiful tropical plant that can adapt to various environments as an epiphyte or hemiepiphyte climber. It’s also known as the Giant Elephant-Ear Plant due to its large leaves that resemble elephant ears.
As a climbing Philodendron with a floating root system, the Lacerum is easy to propagate from stem cuttings. This plant is hardy and low-maintenance, making it an excellent choice for busy individuals who want a tropical plant without the fuss.
In ideal growing conditions, the Lacerum’s leaves can grow up to 20 inches long, creating an impressive display. Mature leaves have deeper lobes than juvenile ones, adding attractive variety to the plant’s appearance. If it flowers, the Lacerum Philodendron produces dull red flowers with purple insides.
Overall, the Lacerum Philodendron is an excellent option for plant enthusiasts who want a stunning and easy-to-care-for tropical plant that can thrive in various environments.
The Lemon Lime Philodendron, also known as the Lemon Lime Heartleaf, lives up to its name with its bright green-yellow foliage. This plant grows prolifically in tropical jungle climates and initially has yellow-pinkish leaves that brighten to yellow and green as it matures.
As a cascading vine plant, the Lemon Lime Philodendron can quickly grow up to 12 feet long in the right conditions. While it rarely blooms indoors, lucky homeowners may get a glimpse of its pearl white flower blooms. This Philodendron variety thrives outdoors in climate zones 9 to 11, given the right humidity and potting medium.
When growing outdoors, the Lemon Lime Philodendron can reach up to ten feet. However, when grown indoors, it typically remains compact at only three feet. Overall, this stunning plant is an excellent choice for plant lovers who want a unique and vibrant addition to their indoor or outdoor space.
The Majestic Philodendron is a stunning hybrid that displays a unique combination of features from its parent plants, Philodendron Sodiroi and Philodendron Verrucosum L.Mathieu ex Schott. The leaves of this plant are iridescent with a mix of copper and burgundy-maroon hues that mature into dark green, creating a beautiful accent to any room.
In addition to its eye-catching appearance, the Majestic Philodendron produces bronze flowers that further add to its spectacular variety of colors. When grown outdoors, this tropical plant can reach heights of up to 15 feet, while indoors, it can be kept more compact at around six feet with careful pruning.
The Majestic’s leaves have a sharp and narrow shape, growing up to 18 inches in length and three to four inches in width. The plant’s overall color will be determined by the amount of light it receives and the quality of care provided, so it’s important to place it in a spot with bright, indirect light to ensure optimal growth.
The Mamei Philodendron, also known as the Silver Cloud Philodendron, is a stunning tropical plant that is a must-have for any plant enthusiast. The bright green heart-shaped leaves of this plant have beautiful silver markings that give it a unique and beautiful cloud-like appearance. Unlike other Philodendron varieties, the Mamei’s leaves do not have a thick leathery feel but have deep veins that resemble pleats.
While the Mamei Philodendron does not produce showy flowers, it may display white-pale blooms with peachy-purple reproductive parts that hide under the leaves when the climate is right. This low-maintenance plant is easy to care for and will thrive with minimal attention. Its close nodes on the stems help it appear fuller than other Philodendron varieties, adding to its overall beauty. If you’re looking for a unique and gorgeous tropical plant to add to your collection, the Mamei Philodendron is an excellent choice.
The Martianum Philodendron, also known as the Flask Philodendron, is a stunning plant that originates from Brazil. It is a self-heading variety that is comfortable growing in containers or as part of a tropical garden in suitable climates.
The Martianum produces unique hooded flowers with a creamy white color at the top that fades into a dark blood red at the bottom, making it a real showstopper. When mature, this plant can produce two to three-foot leaf spikes that add to its impressive appearance.
As a fast-growing plant, the Martianum has a substantial root system, and it’s important to ensure its container is deep enough to provide adequate space for its growth. It’s recommended to repot the Martianum every two years or as needed to support its growth.
The Mayoi Philodendron is a unique climbing plant that originates from Brazil. Its palm or fern-like leaves have four to six lobes on each side and distinctive reddish veins and petioles on the underside. The Mayoi is a fast-growing plant that can reach four feet tall with leaves that can stretch up to ten inches long in optimal growing conditions.
While the Mayoi is unlikely to produce flowers when grown indoors, it may occasionally display green and white spathes. This Philodendron variety requires occasional pruning to remove dead leaves or stems and maintain its attractive shape.
If you’re looking for a climbing plant with a unique and tropical appearance, the Mayoi Philodendron is an excellent choice for any plant enthusiast.
The Melanochrysum, also known as Black Gold, is a beautiful vining Philodendron that features shimmery green and bronze velvety leaves with striking yellow veins. This tropical plant, native to South America, can grow up to five feet tall indoors and produce leaves that measure up to two feet long.
In its natural habitat, the Melanochrysum climbs trees and nearby vegetation, but when grown indoors, it’s best to use a moss pole to support its growth and display its natural beauty. While Philodendron varieties are not known for their flowers, the Melanochrysum may produce green and white blooms for reproduction under the right conditions.
The Melanoneuron Philodendron is an excellent choice for both novice and experienced plant enthusiasts. This tropical plant is easy to care for and can adapt to various environments. It has impressive large round bright green leaves with deep ridges that add texture to any space.
This Philodendron variety is native to Ecuador and is known for its moderate growth rate. It may require occasional pruning to remove dead leaves or stems. Additionally, providing climbing support is essential to help it grow and mature in all its glory.
Overall, the Melanoneuron is a stunning and low-maintenance plant that can add beauty and tropical vibes to any home or office setting.
The Mexicanum Philodendron is a unique addition to any plant collection, originating from Mexico and other southern regions. This tree-climbing variety is adaptable to various conditions, making it an ideal choice for plant enthusiasts.
The Mexicanum is known for its distinct, narrow, and triangular leaves that resemble dog ears, with glossy green tops and maroon-magenta undersides. While it may not produce flowers in potted plants, its miniature green flower hood with a ruby center is necessary for reproduction in its natural habitat.
Overall, the Mexicanum Philodendron is a hardy and fascinating plant that can add character and interest to any space.
The Micans Philodendron is a beautiful and exotic plant that can add a touch of the tropics to any indoor space. With its magnificent green foliage and golden stems, it is sure to be a standout in your collection.
This Philodendron variety is native to the Caribbean and Mexico and is relatively low-maintenance. While it is unlikely to produce blooms when grown indoors, its stunning foliage more than makes up for it.
The Micans is a fast grower and may require regular pruning to keep it manageable and attractive. It is also important to provide proper support for it to climb or vine from its pot. Overall, the Micans is an excellent choice for plant enthusiasts of all levels who want to add a touch of the exotic to their collection.
The Moonlight Philodendron is a bushy plant that grows up to two feet tall and over two feet wide. It has lime green or bright yellow new leaves that eventually turn into darker shades of green as they mature. If the leaves are not vibrant in color, providing brighter indirect lighting can help.
In its natural habitat, the Moonlight has a long blooming time of up to a month or more, featuring pinkish-red spathe. However, indoor plants are less likely to bloom.
Overall, the Moonlight Philodendron is a low-maintenance plant that can add a bright and cheery vibe to any space.
The Painted Lady Philodendron is a stunning and unique hybrid plant that adds a pop of color to any space. With large bright yellowish-green leaves and speckles of green with bright pink stems, it resembles a painted masterpiece. As the plant matures, the leaves darken while remaining vibrant.
One downside to this plant is its unpleasant-smelling flowers, which give off a green spathe with white and cream colors, although it is rare for them to bloom as indoor plants.
The Painted Lady Philodendron is a slow-growing hybrid that typically reaches a mature height of around five feet and a width of 16 inches. Overall, it is a low-maintenance plant that is a beautiful addition to any home or office.
Paraiso Verde, also known as Green Paradise Philodendron, is a stunning tropical climbing plant with variegated leaves. This Philodendron variety, native to the West Indies, is a fast grower and a popular choice for many plant enthusiasts due to its beautiful green marbled foliage.
The Paraiso Verde is relatively compact compared to other Philodendron varieties, reaching only about 15 inches tall and up to 23 inches wide. However, if your plant begins to revert to dark green, it may indicate that it is not receiving enough indirect light. Moving it closer to a light source without putting it in direct sunlight can help avoid scorching its leaves.
While this Philodendron variety rarely produces flowers, it may produce green-white spathe flowers. Overall, the Paraiso Verde is an excellent choice for those looking for a low-maintenance, compact, and stunning plant to add to their indoor collection.
The Pastazanum is a unique and rare Philodendron variety that is highly sought after by plant enthusiasts. It is native to Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru and boasts distinctive features that set it apart from other vining Philodendrons.
Unlike most Philodendrons, the Pastazanum is a crawler that grows horizontally through its rhizome while its leaf stems grow vertically. Its glossy, bright green leaves are heart-shaped and have visible texture with white veins running through them. A healthy Pastazanum plant can produce leaves that are as wide as two feet.
The flowers of the Pastazanum are equally impressive, with a sizable reddish leaf that appears as a one-petal flower measuring four to six inches long. Adding a Pastazanum to your collection will surely be a unique addition and a conversation starter.
If you’re a plant enthusiast looking for an exotic addition to your collection, the Patriciae Philodendron may be just what you need. This stunning plant, native to Colombia, boasts dark, intense colors and rippled-textured leaves that are sure to turn heads.
Although it can be difficult to find at local nurseries, the Patriciae is worth the search. It’s a low-maintenance plant that can adapt to various environments, making it a great choice for both beginners and experienced plant owners.
One of the most impressive features of the Patriciae is its colorful spathes.
They first emerge as green, then change to white-pink hues, and finally evolve to pinkish-red as the spathe unfurls. However, be patient, as it can take up to five years for the plant to mature and produce these beautiful flowers.
The Pedatum, or Oak Leaf Philodendron, is a stunning Philodendron variety that boasts uniquely exotic evergreen leaves, adding a tropical feel to any space. Originally from South America, this climbing plant can grow up to three meters tall in ideal conditions.
While indoor plants rarely bloom, brownish-green spathes may appear on the leaf stems if they do. The plant’s leaves are multiple lobes that resemble oak leaves, hence the alternative name. The waxy leaves can grow up to 14 inches long, but typically reach around six to eight inches when grown indoors.
The Pedatum leaves are usually bright green with flecks of maroon and exhibit more maroon underneath. This Philodendron variety is an excellent choice for those who desire a low-maintenance plant that adds a touch of exotic beauty to any room.
The Pink Princess, also called the Blushing Philodendron, is a rare and highly coveted Philodendron variety known for its waxy leaves that exhibit bright pink and deep green colors. Despite being a low-maintenance, variegated plant, the Pink Princess may need specific care to maintain its pink hues.
This Erubescens plant can remain compact indoors, reaching two to four feet at maturity, making it ideal for small spaces. However, it requires bright indirect lighting to prevent losing some of its pink variegation. New leaves appear dark green with white variegation, eventually turning pink.
Although the Pink Princess leaves are stunning, its flowers are standard green and white, mainly for reproduction purposes and not for their aesthetic appeal. Overall, the Pink Princess is an excellent choice for those who want a unique and eye-catching plant in their home or office.
The Plowmanii is an ideal Philodendron variety for those looking for large heart-shaped leaves. The leaves are a mixture of bright lime greens, yellows, and dark greens, creating a tropical and colorful display. Originally from Ecuador and Peru, this Philodendron blooms naturally in the wild, but not often when grown indoors. When it does bloom, the flowers are typically yellow, but some plant lovers have reported other hues, such as purple, dark violet, and red, due to their variable nature.
One of the benefits of owning a Plowmanii is that it can still thrive in low-light conditions, making it an excellent plant for rooms with limited natural light, such as bedrooms, bathrooms, and offices. However, it will grow faster if it receives indirect bright light.
The Prince of Orange is a perfect option for Philodendron enthusiasts seeking to add a splash of color to their space. This tropical plant offers a stunning display of leaves with changing hues of yellow, orange, and red as it matures.
Unlike other Philodendrons, the Prince of Orange is a self-heading plant, with its leaves emerging from the center instead of vining and crawling. New foliage showcases bright yellow and soft orange colors, which turn into copper-orange and red hues as it ages. This plant has multiple leaves, and the oldest ones will be dark green, creating a beautiful multi-colored display.
In ideal living conditions, the Prince of Orange may bloom with small white flowers. However, this plant is best known for its striking leaves rather than its blooms.
The Red Congo, also known as Rojo Congo, is a highly sought-after Philodendron variety due to its striking colors. It is a rare hybrid plant that originated from the crossbreeding of the Imperial Red and the Tatei. As a self-heading plant, the Red Congo can support its large oval leaves without the need for support when properly maintained.
Compared to another red variety, the Imperial Red, the Red Congo has broader and larger leaves with a darker red hue and grows much faster. This tropical plant can grow up to four feet tall and wide indoors, making it an ideal statement piece for larger spaces.
The new foliage growth of the Red Congo starts as light green with hints of red, eventually transforming into a darker wine-red shade before maturing into a deep green color. When fully matured, this Philodendron variety produces one large, dark red flower, adding a stunning contrast to its already impressive display.
The Red Emerald Philodendron, native to Columbia and Costa Rica, is a beautiful climbing tropical plant that stands out from other Philodendron varieties due to its unique growth habit. While it may resemble the Imperial Red, it grows as a climbing plant, giving it a distinct appearance.
With bright wine-colored heart-shaped leaves that mature into a deep green, the Red Emerald is a stunning addition to any indoor or outdoor space. Its leaf stems remain red, adding a pop of color to the plant. If given the ideal growing conditions, this Philodendron will produce striking deep red flowers.
Typically, the Red Emerald will mature at three feet when grown indoors, but in some outdoor climates, it can reach up to 12 feet. Its climbing growth habit also makes it a great option for those looking for a plant to train on a trellis or to drape from a hanging basket.
The Rhaphidophora Tetrasperma, also known as the Mini Monstera, Ginny, or Piccolo, is a stunning climbing plant that shares a similar structure to the Monstera Deliciosa, but in a smaller size. Originating from Malaysia and Southern Thailand, this tropical plant can reach up to five feet tall when grown indoors, and up to 12 feet tall when grown outside in suitable climates.
With its split-leaf structure, the Rhaphidophora Tetrasperma is a popular choice among plant enthusiasts. It is hardy, easy to grow, and requires bright indirect lighting and well-drained soil to thrive. In its natural habitat, this plant may produce a spathe with tiny flower clusters, but it rarely blooms when grown indoors.
R. Tetrasperma bares a striking resemblance to a Monstera deliciosa at first glance, and it’s often incorrectly referred to as a Philodendron species. However, this plant is neither a Monstera or a Philodendron, although they are all in the same family Araceae (plants in this family are often referred to as “aroids”)
The Ring of Fire is a stunning Philodendron hybrid, resulting from the crossbreeding of Tortum and Wendlandii (also known as Henderson’s Pride). This slow-growing plant displays new foliage with a unique variegation of white and cream, orange to bright red, and light to dark green hues. The leaves are long and often have jagged edges, providing a tropical feel to any room.
Due to the varying elements from each parent, the Ring of Fire’s foliage structure can differ significantly, resulting in a distinctive masterpiece for any plant enthusiast. The combination of five different colors throughout its growth stages makes this Philodendron a must-have for any collection.
While indoor Ring of Fire plants do not typically flower often, when they do, expect a range of blooms from white to orange-berry hues, depending on their parentage. With proper care, the Ring of Fire can thrive in your home for years to come.
Philodendron Rio is a unique cultivar of the Philodendron Brasil, featuring beautiful variegated leaves not seen in any other variety. Although it was once known as the Philodendron scandens, it was cultivated by a plant company out of Florida in 2009 from a naturally occurring sport. Due to their rarity and expensive price tag, these plants are usually only available from specialized growers, and they sell out quickly.
Despite their exclusivity, Philodendron Rios are easy to care for and make excellent houseplants for plant enthusiasts. Their stunning leaf patterns are comparable in beauty to their Pink Princess counterparts and are sure to impress anyone who sees them.
The Rugosum, also known as Pig Skin, is a stunning climbing Philodendron variety that originates from Ecuador and is on the brink of endangerment. With thick, leathery leaves that wrinkle as it matures, this exotic plant retains its oval shape and vivid green color, making it an eye-catching addition to any space.
The Rugosum can reach an impressive height of up to 15 feet under optimal growing conditions and can bloom when it reaches maturity, producing delicate flowers that do not remain on the plant for long. Unfortunately, due to a lack of natural habitat, this easy-to-care-for Philodendron variety is becoming increasingly rare, although it is highly adaptable to its surroundings.
The Rugosum is known for its ability to climb trees and rocks, and it can also thrive indoors with good indirect light and well-drained moist soil. If you’re lucky enough to get your hands on one of these rare plants, the Rugosum will be a unique and stunning addition to any plant collection.
Selloum Philodendron plants are a popular choice for many plant enthusiasts due to their unique and exotic appearance. There are several varieties of this tropical plant, including the Hope Selloum, Lacy Tree, Horsehead, and Tree Philodendron. They thrive in mild climates with optimal humidity and indirect sunlight, making them a common sight in both homes and backyards.
The leaves of the Selloum are a distinguishing feature, containing deep, smooth multi-lobes that remain evergreen and add an exotic touch to any space. Unfortunately, this Philodendron variety rarely flowers when grown indoors, but when they do, you may see green or white blooms at maturity.
Selloums are fast growers and can reach up to 12 feet tall and spread out to 15 feet wide, making them a less suitable choice for small spaces.
Nonetheless, their striking appearance and easy care make them a great addition to any indoor or outdoor plant collection.
Sharon’s Philodendron, also known as Sharoniae, is a tropical climbing plant that hails from Ecuador and Columbia. Its unique ridge-patterned leaves add a stunning display as it climbs and vines throughout its surroundings. While typically grown indoors, it will thrive in climate zones of 10 or 11 if planted outside without the risk of frost.
The glossy bright green leaves of Sharon’s Philodendron are waxy and have smooth edges. The rippled wave pattern spans the heart-shaped foliage, which can grow between four and six inches long. This Philodendron is easy to care for and maintain, making it an excellent option for busy individuals who want an exotic houseplant that doesn’t require a lot of attention.
When Sharon’s Philodendron blooms, it produces small creamy white flowers. However, many Philodendron enthusiasts obtain this tropical plant for its breathtaking foliage rather than the blossoms.
The Spiritus Sancti is a rare and almost extinct Philodendron variety from Brazil. Due to the loss of natural habitat in Brazil, this plant is now more commonly found in private collections than in the wild. The numbers of thriving Spiritus Sancti are limited, making it one of the rarest plants in the world.
Also known as Santa Leopoldina, this majestic Philodendron is a climbing variety that produces large, impressive foliage that can grow up to 24 inches long. However, if you want to add this beauty to your collection, be prepared to spend a significant amount of money as it is one of the most expensive Philodendron varieties.
As the Spiritus Sancti plant matures, the leaves will differ in appearance. The juvenile foliage will appear rough and triangular, while the more mature leaves will have rounder edges, be darker green and dull, and have red veins underneath.
The Squamiferum, also referred to as the Red Bristle, is a stunning tropical variety of Philodendron that boasts exotic and showy foliage. Originating from Brazil, Central America, French Guiana, and Suriname, this vining plant is renowned for its red hair-like feature that covers its stems.
The Squamiferum’s oak-shaped leaves are similar to other Philodendron varieties, possessing multiple lobes, but what sets it apart is the fuzzy red hairs covering its stems. In optimal conditions, this tropical plant produces clusters of white flowers in burgundy spathes, although indoor blooming is not as frequent as when grown in its natural habitat.
The size of the Squamiferum is only limited by its surroundings, and the more space it has, the larger it will grow. Its individual leaves can reach up to 18 inches in length, making it a striking and eye-catching addition to any indoor or outdoor space.
The Subhastatum is a large climbing Philodendron plant that originated from the West Indies. Its glossy ornamental leaves are two-toned, with bright green on the top and red on the underside. The juvenile leaves have more vibrant colors that darken as the plant matures.
The Subhastatum is a moderately sized exotic plant that can grow up to six feet tall and two feet wide when grown indoors. It is a perfect potted tropical plant for homes or offices.
While it is uncommon for the Subhastatum to bloom when grown indoors, there is a slight possibility that it may produce white flowers in a green spathe if the growing conditions are ideal.
Philodendron subincisum is a tropical plant native to the rainforests of South America, specifically found in Brazil, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia. It is a climbing vine that can grow up to 10 feet tall, with stems that can reach up to an inch in diameter.
This Philodendron variety has deeply lobed leaves that are glossy and heart-shaped, with a length of 6-12 inches and a width of 4-8 inches. The leaves have a dark green color on top and lighter green on the bottom, and its petioles (the stalks that attach the leaves to the stem) are a reddish-brown color.
Philodendron subincisum prefers bright, indirect light, and requires moist but well-draining soil. It is a relatively easy plant to care for, and its striking foliage makes it a popular choice for indoor or outdoor ornamental use.
The Thai Sunrise Philodendron is a tropical plant that is sure to catch the eye with its stunning display. With lime green colors that blend in shades of yellow, light and dark green, this climbing plant boasts silky foliage that is elongated and displays variegated patterns that develop more as the plant matures. The Thai Sunrise leaves can grow up to ten inches long, making it an attention-grabbing addition to any space.
Indoors, the Thai Sunrise will grow more compact and reach up to three feet in height and one foot wide, making it a great option for container planting to add an exotic touch to your home or office. The orange stems of the Thai Sunrise provide a splash of color to its already striking appearance. While it rarely flowers, the Thai Sunrise may produce blooms in perfect conditions when it’s fully mature, which can take up to 16 years.
The Tortum, also referred to as Tree Loving, is a tropical climbing Philodendron that can add a unique touch to your living space. Its attractive waxy leaves are lobed and have a skeleton key shape, providing an exotic and elegant look to any room. Additionally, like many other Philodendron varieties, the Tortum has air-purifying properties.
Although the Tortum typically grows to only around 19 inches in the wild, it can reach up to six feet when grown indoors, making it an excellent choice for those looking for a larger climbing plant. Unlike some other Philodendrons, the Tortum does not produce flowers. However, its striking foliage is more than enough to make up for it.
The Tripartitum is a delightful Philodendron variety that originates from Mexico and Central America. Its stem and leaves emit a pleasant fragrance, adding to its charm. The semi-glossy leaves of this plant can grow up to a foot across when mature and are divided into three lobes, each generally the same size. The Tripartitum can vary in color from bright to dark green and even grey-green, depending on its age.
This fast-growing Philodendron thrives when provided with a moss pole or other support to climb. Although the chances of flowering are slim, some Tripartitums may produce white or yellowish flowers under ideal growing conditions. The Tripartitum is an excellent choice for plant lovers who appreciate a plant with a lovely fragrance and striking foliage.
The Verrucosum is a stunning tropical Philodendron plant that boasts velvety foliage and striking colors, making it a perfect addition to any indoor plant collection. This climbing plant’s heart-shaped leaves have a bright to dark green color with hints of silver, while the underside contains reddish-purple hues.
Native to Central and South America, the Verrucosum is also known as the Ecuador Philodendron. Some varieties of Verrucosum have brightly colored red hairs on their leaf stems, adding a splash of color to their already stunning appearance.
Although rare, the Verrucosum produces a pink spathe when it flowers, making it even more captivating. With its beautiful foliage and unique features, the Verrucosum is sure to impress any plant lover.
The White Knight is a visually stunning Philodendron variety that can become a focal point of any indoor garden. Its burgundy-colored stems, adorned with white edges, provide an eye-catching contrast to the variegated leaves that differ from plant to plant. The leaves have a unique round, heart-shaped design, mixing white with dark green, giving it a distinctive appearance not found in other Philodendron varieties.
Native to South America, the White Knight is an easy-to-care-for climbing plant that is perfect for beginners. Its foliage is low-maintenance and requires minimal attention, making it ideal for busy plant enthusiasts.
While the White Knight occasionally flowers, the blooms are less impressive than the leaves, which are the real showstopper of this Philodendron variety.
The Xanadu, also known as Philodendron Winterbourn, is a tropical houseplant that is popular among plant enthusiasts. With its bright green leaves that feature deep splits within its lobes, the Xanadu provides an airy and exotic feel to any room. Native to Brazil, this Philodendron variety is easy to care for and does not require staking for support as it matures.
When grown in containers indoors, the leaves of the Xanadu can grow between three and five feet high in clumps and branch out up to five feet wide. Its thick foliage can easily transform any space into a tropical jungle. However, like many other Philodendron varieties, it rarely blooms indoors.
No matter which variety you choose, philodendrons are a great choice for any gardener looking for an easy-to-care-for plant with beautiful foliage. Once you’ve picked the perfect cultivar for your indoor garden, it’s time to care for them properly and stick to these growing tips for optimal philodendron growth!